How does COVID-19 Spread?
SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, spreads from a person who is infected to others through respiratory droplets and aerosols created when a person who is infected:
The droplets vary in size from large droplets that fall to the ground rapidly near the person who is infected, to smaller droplets, sometimes called aerosols, which may linger in the air under some circumstances. Aerosols laden with infectious virus increase the risk of spreading COVID-19, particularly if a person stays within an enclosed indoor space with little air circulation for a long time. Thus, indoor air quality may play a role in COVID-19 transmission and other health conditions by affecting the concentration of pollutants, as well as viral and bacterial particles suspended in the air.
Why is Ventilation Important?
Proper Ventilation in your home can help reduce the spread of COVID-19 as a properly configured ventilation system will regularly exchange indoor air a number of times per hour. Bathroom and Kitchen Exhaust Fans can also help remove potentially contaminated air if they exhaust outside. This exchange helps dilute the number of COVID-19 particles in the air, which reduces the chances of transmission.
What Are Some Areas to Improve?
- Air Filtration
Filter quality and cleanliness is one of the easiest things you can look at to increase the quality of the air in your home. This includes changing or cleaning your filter regularly per manufacturer’s recommendations, selecting filters with a higher MERV rating as they are more efficient at removing particles from the air, and ensuring that your filter cabinet is installed correctly.
While a humidifier won’t remove the COVID-19 virus from the air, it can have an impact on how long the virus particles remain suspended in the air. Lower humidity levels can cause droplets to shrink and thus remain in the air long, but higher humidity levels can cause condensation on surfaces and lead to mould growth. Humidifiers can be installed as part of your existing HVAC system or can be as a standalone unit for single rooms or areas. There are pros and cons to each option, for more information on Humifidiers go here.
If you have concerns about the air quality in your home, a site visit with one of our licensed HVAC Technicians can help determine if your HVAC System:
- is suitable for the:
- type of setting
- type of activity
- number of occupants
- length of time the space is occupied
- is operating properly
- can be adjusted to increase air exchange rates if needed
- is using filters of the highest Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value (MERV) rating the system can sustain
- could benefit from a Humidifier or HRV
Call us today to schedule your site visit!